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Depression in Non-Korean Women Residing in South Korea Following Marriage to Korean Men

  • Hyun-Sil Kim
    Correspondence
    Corresponding Author: Hyun-Sil Kim PhD, Department of Nursing, Daegu Haany University, #165 Sang-Dong, Susung-Gu, Daegu, 706–060, South Korea.
    Affiliations
    Department of Nursing, Daegu Haany University, Daegu, South Korea

    Women's Mental Health Research, Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Search for articles by this author
  • Hun-Soo Kim
    Affiliations
    Elim Neuropsychiatric Clinic, Wangshimni, Sungdong-Gu, Seoul 133–867, South Korea

    Department of Psychiaty, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Songpa-Gu Seoul, South Korea
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Published:April 11, 2013DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2013.02.005

      Abstract

      Purpose

      The purpose of the study was to examine the roles of acculturative stress, life satisfaction, and language literacy in depression in non-Korean women residing in South Korea following marriage to Korean men.

      Methods

      A cross-sectional study was performed, using an anonymous, self-reporting questionnaire. A total of 173 women were selected using a proportional stratified random sampling method. The relation between acculturation, depression, language literacy, life satisfaction and socio-demographic variables and the predictors of depression among participants were analyzed. The analysis included descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression.

      Results

      Of the participants, 9.2% had depression, which was almost twice the rate of depression found in the general Korean population. In hierarchical multiple regression analysis, acculturative stress (beta = −.325, P < .001) and life satisfaction (beta = −.282, P = .003) were significantly associated with the level of depression. This final model was statistically significant and life satisfaction, acculturative stress, language literacy accounted for 31.0% (adjusted R2) of the variance in the depression score (P < .001).

      Conclusions

      Elevated acculturative stress and less life satisfaction were significantly associated with a higher level of depression in migrant wives in Korea. Implications for practice and research are discussed.
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