Research Article| Volume 33, ISSUE 4, P434-439, August 2019

Validation of the resilience scale for nurses (RSN)

Published:January 04, 2019DOI:


      • Resilience is a capability required of nurses to positive overcome numerous difficulties in practicing fields, to exhibit professional competencies.
      • The resilience scale for nurses is needed validated and tested for enough evidence.



      The purpose of this study was to verify the validity and reliability of the resilience scale for nurses (RSN).


      27 preliminary items were extracted from previous research. The subjects were 339 nurses who worked at 2 hospitals in South Korea in 2016. Collected data were analyzed using explanatory factor analysis (EFA). EFA was performed with principal axis factoring with oblimin rotation and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 25.0 version program. Also, data were examined by construct, discriminant, and convergent validity, and internal consistency reliability.


      Resilience scale for nurses showed CFA supported the four-factor structure (Philosophical pattern, Relational pattern, Dispositional pattern, and Situational pattern) of the measure. The 19 items for 4 factors identified that explained 67.329% of the total variance in RSN. A total the internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α = 0.938) was stable.


      Psychometric properties of RSN show that it is a useful and reliable scale to assess Resilience in Korean nurses. Based on these results, effective resilience intervention programs for nurses can be developed.


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