Involuntary psychiatric admission in Cyprus: A descriptive correlational study

Published:April 01, 2022DOI:


      • Investigating involuntary psychiatric hospitalization related factors may promote qualitative psychiatric care.
      • Gender differences reported herein highlight the need for gender-specific interventions to enhance adherence to therapy.
      • Gender-specific studies are proposed to develop effective strategies to reduce involuntary hospitalization.



      Studies on the clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of those involuntarily admitted to psychiatric settings could help professionals and researchers to develop effective, targeted interventions, alternative to compulsory psychiatric care.
      The association between socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in adults under involuntary hospitalization for psychiatric treatment in the Republic of Cyprus was assessed.


      This was a descriptive, cross-sectional and correlational study. Data collection was achieved (December 2016 to February 2018) via a census sampling method. Socio-demographic and clinical data of individuals involuntarily admitted to the reference psychiatric hospital of Cyprus with psychotic symptomatology were recorded.


      The sample encompassed 144 females and 262 males. The most frequent diagnosis was schizophrenia or a relevant psychotic disorder (72.9%). The most frequent cause of admission was “Disorganized behaviour" along with non-adherence to pharmacotherapy (53.7%). Approximately 42.8% of the participants confirmed positive substance use history, which was more frequently reported in males than in females (88.5% vs. 11.5%, respectively, p < 0.001). Additionally, males were more frequently admitted due to Disorganized behaviour with substance use compared to females (31.3% vs. 4.9%, respectively, p < 0.001), while females were more frequently admitted due to d"Disorganized behaviour with non-adherence to pharmacotherapy (70.1% vs. 44.7%, respectively, p < 0.001). Also, males were more frequently involuntarily hospitalized due to suicidal/self-harming behaviour compared to females (12.2% vs. 5.6%, respectively, p = 0.031).


      Gender differences were noted in relation to clinical characteristics of the participants, highlighting the need for gender-specific interventions to decrease compulsory psychiatric care, including enhancement of adherence to therapy.


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