Psychiatric nurses' experiences and the emotional and psychological sequelae after being psychologically or physically assaulted in psychiatric units: A phenomenological study


      • Assaulted psychiatric nurses' perspectives remain a broad research domain needing further study in Jordan.
      • A phenomenological approach gives voice to psychiatric nurses to understand workplace violence and its emotional and psychosocial sequelae.
      • Assaulted psychiatric nurses provide unique perspectives that help shape psychosocial and emotional support programs that reduce cumulative psychological distress associated with violence.



      This study aimed to describe psychiatric nurses' experiences and the emotional and psychological sequelae after being psychologically or physically assaulted in inpatient psychiatric units.


      The study employed a descriptive, phenomenological research approach. A purposive sample of 27 psychiatric nurses participated in in-depth one-on-one interviews. The collected data were transcribed and analyzed using ​Colaizzi's (1978) seven-step method.


      Three themes and ten sub-themes emerged: A Fertile Environment for Physical and Psychological Workplace Violence, Psycho-Emotional Sequelae Aftermath of Assault, and Proactive Strategies for Combating Violence.


      A thorough understanding of workplace violence aids in the development of strategies for preventing and addressing this phenomenon and its psychological and emotional consequences.

      Implications for practice

      The current study provides new insights on the importance of offering mental health and emotional support to assaulted nurses, especially those with accumulated exposure to violence.


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