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The effect of solution-focused approach on anger management and violent behavior in adolescents: A randomized controlled trial

  • Ebru Akbaş
    Correspondence
    Correspondence author at: Silivri İbrahim Yirik Vocational and Technical Anatolian High School, 5 Çayır St. Silivri Rd., Ortakoy nbhd., Silivri, İstanbul 34582, Turkey.
    Affiliations
    İbrahim Yirik Vocational and Technical Anatolian High School, Department of Health Services, İstanbul, Turkey
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 Pamukkale University, Faculty of Health Science, Departmant of Nursing, Floor 3, Block C, Kınıklı Campus, Denizli/Turkey, Postal Code: 20160, Turkey.
    Gülay Taşdemir Yiğitoğlu
    Footnotes
    1 Pamukkale University, Faculty of Health Science, Departmant of Nursing, Floor 3, Block C, Kınıklı Campus, Denizli/Turkey, Postal Code: 20160, Turkey.
    Affiliations
    Faculty of Health Science, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 Pamukkale University, Faculty of Health Science, Departmant of Nursing, Floor 3, Block C, Kınıklı Campus, Denizli/Turkey, Postal Code: 20160, Turkey.
Published:August 05, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2022.07.029

      Highlights

      • Anger is an emotion which may be experienced in varying intensities from a minor annoyance to wrath.
      • Nurses are one of the key people who guide and support in providing anger management and preventing violent behaviors.
      • It is important that nurses use effective methods in protecting and improving the mental health of adolescents.
      • Solution-focused nursing interventions can contribute to the prevention of violence and aggressive behaviors.
      • The provision of anger management by nurses can help strengthening of abilities, skills and capabilities in adolescents.

      Abstract

      Background

      This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of a solution-focused approach on anger management and violent behavior in adolescents.

      Method

      The study was an experimental and randomized controlled trial including pre-test and post-test measurements and control group. The sample of experimental (n = 24) and control groups (n = 24) of the study consisted of 48 students. A 7-session program of anger management and prevention of violent behavior based on a solution focused approach was applied to the experimental group.

      Results

      There were no statistically significant differences between trait anger, anger in, anger out, anger control sub-dimensions and VTS scores of the experimental and control groups before the intervention (p > 0.05). In post-test and follow-up test, trait anger (23.32 ± 2.83) (21.10 ± 3.51), anger-out (14.95 ± 4.16) (15.50 ± 3.49) and the mean scores of VTS (30.77 ± 4.01) (32.80 ± 4.53) of the individuals in the experimental group were significantly lower, whereas their mean score of anger control (24.86 ± 3.62) (23.65 ± 4.44) were significantly higher than the control group.

      Conclusion

      Solution-oriented approach programs should be used by psychiatric nurses to provide anger management and reduce violence tendencies in adolescents.

      Keywords

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