Research Article| Volume 42, P75-83, February 2023

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Unhealthy weight control behaviors and related factors by gender and weight status: Results from a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents

  • Eun Jung Bae
    College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Ju Young Yoon
    Corresponding author at: College of Nursing, Seoul National University, 103 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Republic of Korea.
    College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

    Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

    Center for Human-Caring Nurse Leaders for the Future by Brain Korea 21 (BK 21) Four Project, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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Published:December 29, 2022DOI:


      • Unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB) are predominant among adolescents.
      • UWCB is more prevalent in females than males.
      • UWCB-preventing interventions should be customized to gender and weight status.
      • This study extends previous work on gender differences in UWCB-related factors.


      Given the serious consequences of unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB) among adolescents, identifying factors contributing to it in this population is crucial. Although gender differences have been reported as UWCB-related factors, studies on weight status remain limited. Hence, using a nationally representative sample, we investigated the differences in UWCB-related factors by gender and weight status. Most sociodemographic, health-related behavior, psychosocial, and school factors were remarkably correlated with UWCB in the normal-weight female group; however, they demonstrated most inconsistent correlations in the overweight female group. Overall, this study suggests that UWCB-preventing interventions in adolescents should be customized by gender and weight status.


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