Research Article| Volume 43, P118-126, April 2023

Development and evaluation of an online mental health program for traumatized female college students: A randomized controlled trial

  • Sunah Kim
    Corresponding author at: College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Republic of Korea.
    College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Republic of Korea
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  • Kyunghyun Lee
    College of Nursing, CHA University, 120, Haeryong-ro, Gyeonggi-do 11160, Republic of Korea
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Published:January 23, 2023DOI:


      • Online program can improve the mental health of traumatized female college students
      • Online program improves physical symptoms in traumatized female college students
      • Using cognitive behavior therapy methods can relieve post-traumatic stress symptoms
      • Online interventions are time and cost effective
      • The Roy Adaptation Model is an appropriate theory for trauma intervention


      This study developed and evaluated an online mental health program for female college students who experienced trauma, based on Roy's Adaptation Model. A randomized controlled trial was adopted. Participants completed a survey on trauma and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Data from experimental and control groups (n = 16) were collected over two months. The program reduced post-traumatic stress and depression symptoms and improved functional health and adjustment. This effect was sustained in experimental group participants for one month post-program. The findings revealed the effectiveness of Internet mental healthcare for female students and the crucial role nurses play in it.


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