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Development study of 2–5 age Technology Addiction Scale (TAS)

Published:January 25, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2023.01.005

      Highlights

      • Although it is known that technology use increases in early childhood, no measurement tool has been found to evaluate technology addictions in children in this period. This study aimed to develop a Technology Addiction Scale (TAS) for children aged 2-5.
      • As a result of factor analysis, the 2-factor structure of the 2-5 age TAS with 9 items was determined and confirmed.
      • TAS can be used to evaluate technology addiction levels of children aged 2-5.

      Abstract

      Purpose

      Although it is known that technology use increases in early childhood, no measurement tool has been found to examine technology addictions in children in this period. In this study, the development and validation process of the Technology Addiction Scale (TAS), which can be used to evaluate the technology addiction of children 2–5 years, is described.

      Design

      The sample of the study consists of 308 children 2–5 years living in one of the big cities of Turkey.

      Methods

      Item-total correlation coefficients, Cronbach Alpha reliability analyzes, explanatory and confirmatory factor analyses, and normality analyzes were used in the evaluation of the research data.

      Findings

      As a result of the analyzes made, the validity and reliability of the 9-item 2-factor (impulsiveness and implicit attitude) TAS scale have been proven. The Cronbach alpha value of the impulsiveness factor was calculated as 0.865, the Cronbach alpha value of the implicit attitude factor was calculated as 0.840, and the total Cronbach alpha value of the scale was 0.90. These Cronbach alpha values show an acceptable level of reliability.

      Conclusions

      According to the results of the validity and reliability analyzes, it can be said that TAS can be used as a reliable scale.

      Keywords

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