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Research Article| Volume 45, P61-71, August 2023

Effects of art therapy for people with mild or major neurocognitive disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis

      Highlights

      • People with mild or major neurocognitive disorder (MCD) need non pharmacological to increasing emotional function and quality of life.
      • Art therapy have positive effect in people with mild NCD and MNCD.
      • Art therapy significantly decreased depression in people with mild NCD and MNCD a in community, nursing home, and memory clinic.

      Abstract

      Objectives

      The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy of non-pharmacological, interactive, and emotional art therapy interventions for patients with mild neurocognitive disorder (mild NCD) or major neurocognitive disorder (MNCD).

      Methods

      A systematic review and meta-analysis assessed English-language literature published from January 1, 2001, to August 22, 2021, and indexed in CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO. People with mild NCD or MNCD who received art therapy were classified as the intervention group. Study quality was assessed using the Risk of Bias (RoB) 2 and the Joanna Briggs Institute tool.

      Results

      Among nine included studies, depression was significantly reduced as compared with control groups (Cohen's d = −0.52 [95 % CI = −0.99—0.05], p < 0.001, I2 = 62.90 %) but not cognitive function or quality of life.

      Conclusion

      People with mild neurocognitive disorder or MNCD are encouraged to engage in art therapy delivered by art therapists collaborating with healthcare providers. The effects of specific types of art therapy should be explored.

      Practical implication

      Healthcare providers should be encouraged to provide art therapy designed to reduce depression in patients with mild NCD or MNCD.

      Keywords

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