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Resilience describes a process whereby people bounce back from adversity and go on with their lives. It is a dynamic process highly influenced by protective factors. Protective factors are specific competencies that are necessary for the process of resilience to occur. Competencies are those healthy skills and abilities that the individual can access and may occur within the individual or the interpersonal or family environment. Psychiatric-mental health nursing has always focused on mental-health promotion and attempted to discern positive outcomes from adversity and states of wellness amidst difficult circumstances or severe illness. Defining specific protective factors that facilitate mental health in high-risk groups would enhance our position in today's health care climate.
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